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Distinctive Features of Public Speaking (Speaker)

In public speaking, speaker and listener roles are clearly defined. There is little doubt as to who the speaker and listeners are. Public speaking spotlights the role of the speaker, but whether speakers can take advantage of


Public Speaking

1. Audience-centered

1. More audience-centered

2. Loosely Organized

2. Organized and planned

3. Off of the top of your head

3.Grounded in responsible knowledge

4. Often no clear purpose

4. Has a clear purpose

5. Informal language

5. More formal language

6. Speaker/listeners change roles

6.Speaker/listeners roles clearly defined

7.Informal environment/small group

7.More formal environment/large group

this attention depends on their ability to reward listeners with interesting and useful messages. As Aristotle pointed out more than two thousand years ago, our impressions of speakers themselves affect how we respond to what they say. We are far more inclined, he noted, to react, to react favorably when we think speakers know what they’re talking about and when we trust them. These qualities of competence and integrity form the basis of credibility. Aristotle also noted that audiences respond more favorable when speakers seem likable-when they seem to be people of good will. Modern researchers have uncovered still another important speaker characteristic, forcefulness (or dynamism). Some speakers strike us as vital, action-oriented people. When important interests are at stake and action seems called for, we may turn to such people to lead the way. These qualities of likableness and forcefulness combine to form the basis of charisma. Taken together, credibility and charisma provide an updated account of what Aristotle called the ethos of the speaker.


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Seven Methods that can be used to Gain Attention in an Introduction

1.One method of gaining attention is to relate the topic to the audience.

a.People pay attention to things that affect them directly.
b.No matter what other interest-arousing lures a speaker uses, she or he should always relate the topic to the audience.

2.A second method of gaining attention is to state the importance of the topic.

a.An audience is not likely to be interested in a topic they regard as unimportant.
b.Whenever a speaker discusses a topic whose importance may to demonstrate its importance in the introduction.

3.A third method of gaining attention is to startle the audience.

a.This method can be highly effective.
b.It is important, that the startling material be directly related to the speech.

4.A fourth method of gaining attention is to arouse the curiosity of the audience.

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A Speech Conclusion Has Two Primary Functions.

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1. Abrupt ending leave listeners surprised and unfulfilled.

2. One way to signal the end of a speech is with a brief verbal cur such as “In conclusion” or “One last thought.”

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c. A third method is to end with a dramatic statement.
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The four objectives of a speech introduction

A. The first objective is to gain the attention and interest of the audience.

B. The second objective of a speech introduction is to reveal the topic of the speech.

C. The third objectives of a speech introduction is to establish the credibility and good will of the speaker.

D. The fourth objective of a speech introduction is to preview the body of the speech.